Originally released from TriplePundit 3.29.2021.
Bottom line reasons for saving soil, and saving the planet
Danone North America established itself as the largest public benefit corporation on Earth in 2018, and its France-based parent company Danone is staking out a leadership position in sustainable food production. That provides the company with the potential to play a highly influential role in the transition to regenerative agriculture.
Regenerative agriculture is becoming known for its use in preserving soil health as well as building back depleted soil. It shares some characteristics with organic farming, though the two do not necessarily overlap completely. Of the 80,000-plus acres in Danone’s current program, the company says close to 30,000 acres of them are farmed organically as of December.
As Danone explains, there are bottom line and environmental benefits. By improving soil health, regenerative and organic agricultural practices can improve yields, reduce the use of chemicals, restore biodiversity and improve the ability of soil to retain moisture.
The climate crisis adds another level of environmental benefit, and it also opens another pathway for profit. Regenerative agriculture is also gaining force as a carbon sequestration strategy as adding organic matter to soil is a main element in the practice.
Sustainable farming: compare and contrast
Over the first three years of the Danone North America program, the contrast with conventional farming has been striking. For example, conventional farming leaves land uncovered after harvest, which raises the potential for soil depletion. Planting off-season cover crops helps to resolve that problem; two-thirds of Danone’s partner farmers have adopted such practices.
Tilling is another cause of depletion and outright loss, as it exposes more soil to wind. Danone’s partners use reduced or no-till methods on about 80 percent of their lands; nationwide, the average is 37 percent, according to the most recent USDA survey – that is, of farmers who actually report such data in the first place.
Among other strategies that contrast with conventional farming, Danone’s partners have also doubled the species diversity of both cover and cash crops, and they have also invested in additional methods for retaining water in fields.
The climate action benefits are also striking. Danone estimated that the program has avoided more than 80,000 tons of carbon dioxide equivalent and sequestered more than 20,000 tons of carbon.
In addition to food production, regenerative agriculture also has implications for sustainable biofuel production. Some elements of the practice could also become part of broader decarbonization efforts by entities that control large parcels of land, up to and including the U.S. Department of Defense.
A regenerative farming model to follow
Because regenerative agriculture is an emerging field of study, there is much room for experimentation. Still, there is enough knowledge in hand to provide food producers with a reliable roadmap for introducing the practice into their supply chains.
The Danone North America program demonstrates six key elements of a successful regenerative farming program. One is to focus on core benefits, including bottom line benefits. Along with soil health, biodiversity, water, and carbon sequestration, Danone North America cites economy and productivity as important facets of its program.
Another element is to enlist an experienced consultant that can identify science-based benchmarks and set specific goals. Danone deploys the EcoPractices platform developed by its regenerative farming partner, Sustainable Environmental Consultants.
A third element is to track and measure progress on a scientific basis. “The program monitors improved yields and efficiency, and supports the farmer economic value proposition, achieving lower input costs associated with reduced nutrient application, supporting farm economic resiliency as a result of regenerative agriculture practices,” Danone explained.
Regenerative agriculture, one farm at a time
A fourth tool in the Danone toolkit is to develop an individual plan for each farm. In a recent email interview with TriplePundit, Danone explained that there is no one-size-fits-all method. In the area of biodiversity, for example, Danone North America and SEC consult directly with each farm. The consultations often result in pilot programs for new cash and cover crops. In effect, the farmer becomes a research partner.
“Agricultural systems can be restored, enhanced or improved in a variety of ways to support improved biodiversity,” Danone said. “This can include adding wildlife boxes and vegetation buffers (such as grasses and trees) which create habitat for pollinators, ground-nesting birds and waterfowl; and even creating wetland areas which can be adjacent to fields to filter nutrients.”
Partnering for global impact
Danone also recognizes that there are many moving parts to both climate action and regenerative farming. Scaling up to a global level is a massive undertaking that requires strategic partners to achieve success.
“We recognize that climate change is a systemic challenge—not in the future, but right here, right now. Globally, we are meeting this challenge head-on by aligning to science-based targets and committing to zero net carbon emissions by 2050. Our zero net carbon commitment means that we are responsible for the carbon emissions from the farms where we source our ingredients to the facilities that manage packaging once our products are consumed,” Danone added.
In support of this effort, Danone North America became a Founding Circle member of the Ecosystem Marketplace Consortium. The non-profit organization has developed a science and market-based strategy for encouraging farmers and ranchers to adopt restorative practices.
Danone has also joined with the influential Renewable Energy Buyers Alliance (REBA) and the Sustainable Food Policy Alliance to advocate for “strong and specific” national policies that “accelerate the transition to a zero-carbon power sector and expand access to clean energy for customers.”
The REBA connection could prove especially interesting. It provides Danone North America with a window into the emerging field of agrivoltaics, in which solar panels are used to provide a shading effect that reduces evaporation and helps to improve soil health.
Always be improving
Finally, the Danone program recognizes that innovation is the driving force behind regenerative agriculture. The company has no plan to rest on its laurels for the final two years of the five-year program. In addition to working with its partner farms on additional improvements and innovations, Danone has articulated a collaborative plan for introducing best practices and models for other companies to adopt, including financial models that enable farmers to invest in new crops, tools, and technologies.
As part of its outreach efforts, Danone has produced a video describing the results of the first three years of the program.
When the fifth year of the program is complete, Danone expects to have 100,000 acres of regenerative agriculture among its partner farms, and many thousands more throughout the global supply chain.
About Sustainable Environmental Consultants
Established in 2008, Sustainable Environmental Consultants is part of the Wright Service Corp. employee-owned family of companies. Since our inception, we have endeavored to be a leader in providing innovative solutions to better the planet through our three divisions of sustainability risk management, agricultural compliance and engineering, and erosion control. We provide a full range of environmental services needed by food companies and their agriculture supply systems. To learn more, follow on LinkedIn.